History of the 10th

The Regiment was raised in Hertfordshire and surrounding counties by Brigadier Humphrey Gore in 1715, as the Tenth Regiment of Dragoons. This was in response to the Jacobite Rising. Mounts were to be no more than fifteen hands high. The Regiment never saw action against the Jacobites.

Law and revenue enforcement was the Regiment’s duty at home for the next 30 years. Pay for a Private was 1s 9p per day less the cost of food.

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Timeline

Colonel Charles Churchill appointed in place of Brigadier Gore (Retired).

12th Jan 1722

Field Marshall Richard Lord Cobham appointed Colonel in place of Col. Churchill (Died)
March against Young Pretender

1st June 1745

Fought at Falkirk, and Culloden,
“Charged and Completed the Victory”

1746

Major-General Sir John Mordaunt K.B. appointed Colonel to replace Colonel Lord Cobham

1st Nov. 1749

Rochefort Expedition, Seven Years War.
Overwintered at Paderborn, Germany.

1757-58

July 31st; Routed French at Minden.
Major Davenport killed in action, October

1760

Returned to England.
Reviewed favourably by King George III.

1763-64

Regiment served in garrisons in England and Scotland.

1764-80

It is His Majesty’s pleasure that the Tenth Regiment of Light Dragoons shall be called The Tenth or Prince of Wales Own, Regiment of Light Dragoons”

1783

Prince of Wales becomes Colonel Commandant. Escort Duties to Royal Family

1783

Cornetcy conferred to Beau Brummel by Prince of Wales. 1789 he resigns his Commission when the Regiment was posted to Manchester.

1785

Officially renamed “Hussars”.

1894

October 17-18, embarks from Portsmouth to Corunna. Engaged at Sahagun, Mayorga, and Benevente, with distinction.

1808

Arrives back in Brighton

1809

Prince of Wales becomes Prince Regent, and confers title of “Royal” to the Tenth.
Regiment runs first horserace over hurdles on Brighton Downs

1811

Peninsula Wars. Morales where the Tenth overruns enemy lines; Wellington wrote “The Tenth have had a very handsome affair – their loss is small but they must have destroyed the enemy’s 16th Dragoons.”

1813

Vitoria; seized 143 canon and much loot.
Lt. Col. Quentin returns after an absence due to a ruptured blood vessel; moral sinks, Wellington notices.

April 12th – Toulouse.
Hostilities cease; embark for Brighton July 24th. Officers dispatch letter of complaint to HRH re. Col. Quentin, who is court-marshalled. Lt. Col. Palmer chosen to prosecute, however HRH influences an acquittal. Quentin remains in command and most Officers are moved to other Regiments. They become known as “The Elegant Extracts”

Move from Brighton to Romford

1814

March of that year the Regiment is briefly in London where they help in the suppression of the Corn Law Riots

March 1815

Napoleon returns to France. The Tenth Embark for Ostend at Ramsgate April 17th and 18th. Joins the 6th Hussar Brigade under Earl of Uxbridge, serving under Sir Vivian Hussey, Brigade Commander.
16th June cover the retreat from Quatre Bras. to Waterloo.

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17th April 1815

Battle of Waterloo. The Regiment covered the extreme left flank of the Army. Col. Quentin shot in the foot, command passes to Lord Robert Manners. Regiment withheld until the evening, when ordered to charge. Put French Curassiers to flight, and Napoleon’s elite Imperial Guard are routed. This instills general panic in French ranks.
After battle the Tenth move to Paris

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Saturday 18th June 1815

Return to Brighton, and act as Revenue Enforcement between Hastings and Worthing, and later that year, in the West Country.

1816

Scotland. Uniform is now “A shako, larger in circumference at the top than the bottom, made of blue cloth, with an up-right feather, and gold lace. Pelisse blue with black fur. Jacket blue with cross loops and olivets in gold, blue facings. Girdle crimson and gold. Trousers blue with double gold stripes”. Officers wore chain belts, supposedly giving rise to the nick-name “The Chainy Tenth” George III dies, and the Prince of Wales becomes George IV. Colonelcy goes to Lt.-General Charles Vane, Lord Stewart.

1819 – 20

Returned to Hounslow. Present at Coronation of George IV. Move to Brighton

1821

Move to Ireland. Cahir and Dublin.
In Dublin it is said that to avoid introductions at a ball given by the Lord Major of Dublin, the Officers of the Tenth who attended declared “The Tenth don’t Dance”. Thus they acquired the nick-name “The China Tenth” referring to their delicacy. This soon becomes the “Shiny Tenth”.

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1822

Colonel Sir George Quentin retires, replaced by Lt. Colonel Henry Wyndham, one of the 16 Elegant Extracts.

1824

Return to England, promptly engaged in suppressing rioting weavers, and then move to the West Country.

1825

Move to Northampton. 2 Squadrons sent to Portugal in 1827 in response of the threat by Spain to invade. Upon their return the Regiment moves to Brighton. 1829 attended a grand review in Hyde Park; inspected by the Duke of Orleans. Later that year moved to Leeds.

1826-29

George IV dies. Succeeded by William IV; all favours end; all Hussars dressed alike. Tenth move to Dublin

1830

Move to Scotland

1836

Move to Yorkshire. William IV dies. Victoria is crowned Queen. Tenth attends coronation; Royal escorts resumed.
Move to West Country

1837

Moved to Northampton, and in 1841 sent back to Dublin

1840-41

Ballincolig and Cahir. Colonel of the Regiment changes to Major General the Hon. Beauchamp Lygon.
The busby replaces the shako

1842

The Regiment returns to York, and then are surprised to learn they must undertake their first posting to India. Strength increased from 6 to 9 Troops, with men picked of an average height of 5ft 9ins. Left Gravesend in May and arrived in Bombay before the end of August. Stationed at Kirkee

1845

Dress Regulations:
Busby, 9 ins deep and the same size at the top as at the bottom. Scarlet fly and plaited top.
Trousers: Blue cloth with two stripes of gold lace three quarters of an inch wide down the outer seam with a light between.
Pouch Belt: The Tenth Hussars are permitted to wear a pouch and belt of black patent leather.
The above was replaced with a shako, and white cotton clothing for ordinary wear, because of unsuitability in the heat.

1846

Regiment ordered to move to The Crimea. Here the Tenth were involved mainly in skirmishing, rather than any great battles. One Squadron, under General Sir George Brown, was employed at the capture of Kertch, and associated skirmishes in the area throughout the winter. The remaining Squadrons overwintered at Ismid, Turkey.

1855-56

The Tenth returns home. Awarded Crimea Medal with Sebastopol clasp.
Once again reduced to 6 Troops
Col. Valentine Baker replaces Col. Wilkie

1856

Moved to Aldershot. Many innovative ideas were introduced by Col. Baker, such as the movement of troops by train; sport was also highly encouraged.
Moved to York, where the Tenth were very popular, having helped extinguish a fire in the city.

1858

Prince of Wales becomes Colonel-in-Chief in 1863.
Regiment moves to Aldershot in 1865.

1863- 65

“Hockey on Horseback” first played by Officers of the Tenth Royal Hussars in this year, thus laying down the first rules of the game of polo.

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1869

Return to Brighton, where the Regiment run the first organized Point-to-Point race over the South Downs
The first Inter-regimental polo tournament is staged on Hounslow Heath, where the Tenth won against the 9th Lancers

1871

Tenth participated in a field exercise involving 30,000 troops; Colonel Baker’s policy of only purchasing blood-line mounts proves a winning stategy

1872

In January of this year the Tenth is ordered to India, sailing on the troopship “Jumna”
Colonel Baker retires, and is replaced by Lt-Colonel Molyneux
Stationed at Muttra; under R.A. tuition an efficient artillery /Section is introduced to the Regiment

1873

Act as the Guard of Honour to the Prince of Wales during his visit to Delhi, and his subsequent tour lasting a month.
Colonel Molyneux retires and is replaced by Lt.-Colonel Lord Ralph Kerr

1876

Attending Imperial Assembly at Delhi, when Queen Victoria was pronounced Empress of India.
1878 moved to Rawal Pindi.
Late November, the Tenth was the first Regiment to enter Afghanistan when hostilities commenced, under General Roberts.
Engaged at Matun under Col. Gough V.C.
Lord Roberts wrote “No soldier could have behaved more steadily in quarters or done better service in the field.”
Later in November Tenth involved in action at Ali Musjid

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187-78

March 31st at night occurred the Kabul River disaster when 1 officer, 46 N.C.O.s and men were swept away and drowned when crossing the River Kabul.
On the same night 2 squadrons engaged the enemy at Futtehabad and secured the most decisive action of the Afghan War.
Returning to Rawal Pindi Tenth lost 54 men to Cholera whilst marching through the Khyber Pass.

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1879

Moved to Lucknow. Many troop replacements arrive, including Major Pillinger
Lt.-Colonel A Wood succeeds Colonel Ralph Kerr.
Moral is steadily rebuilt following the losses of Afghanistan

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1880-81

embark for England; diverted to Suakim to re-join Pasha Baker and Egyptian Army action at El Teb and Trinkitat, and later at Tamai
April 21st returned home to Shornecliffe.
June 27th Inspected by the Prince of Wales, who concluded by saying “It is now twenty one years since Her Majesty conferred upon me the honour of Colonel of the Tenth Hussars, and I feel proud to be connected with it.”
Colonel Wood succeeded by Lt.-Colonel R. Liddell

1884

Liddell introduces Nordenfeldt machine gun.
Move to Aldershot, Duke of Clarence joins Regiment.

1885

Tenth attended Queen Victoria’s Silver Jubilee.
Liddell retires, and Lt.-Colonel Viscount Downe appointed.
1888 return to York

1887-88

Prince of Wales takes command of the Regiment at York for three days.
1890 A detachment is sent to Wales to enforce the collection of Tythes taxes

1889-90

Regiment moves to Ireland.
January 1892 The Duke of Clarence dies at Sandringham. Coffin borne by 20 Officers and men , at Sandringham and later that day to Windsor Chapel.
Lord Downe retires; Lt.-Colonel C. M. Wood becomes Colonel of the Regiment.

1840

Lt.-Colonel Fisher-Childe succeeds Colonel Wood in 1896.
Tenth return to Aldershot in 1897, and attend Queen Victoria’s Diamond Jubilee.
Regiment moves to Canterbury in 1898

1896-98

November of this year the Tenth are ordered to sail for South Africa where war has been declared.
Sail from Liverpool November 3rd and 4th. A and part of B Squadrons sail on S.S. Ismore, remainder on S.S. Columbia.
Ismore delayed by storms in Irish Sea, and later strikes rock off Paternoster Point, at 2.00 am. By 8.00 am. most troops on dry land but only 17 horses saved.
Brigaded under General French.

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1899

5th January Sir John Milbanke wins V.C.
Brigaded under Lord Roberts – Modder River
Relief of Kimberley 15th February
Poplar Grove 7th March
Driefonteine 10th March
Sergeant Engleheart awarded V.C.
Modder River 29th March
Battle of Welkom 4th May
Zand River 9th May
Diamond Hill 11th June
Earl of Airlie killed, In October Colonel Fisher-Childe retires; Lt.-Colonel Alexander appointed.

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1900

12th January: action at Halfontein; involved in “sweeping-up” operations right across the state,
King Edward s accession to the Throne, but remains Colonel-in-Chief.
Old Comrades Association formed.

1901

Colonel Alexander retires, Hon. J Bing appointed Colonel.
September the Regiment embark from Cape Town for India reaching quarters at Mhow in October.
Khaki drill uniform replaced by grey flannel turn-down collars and khaki ties. Kitchener inspects and approves.
Byng returns home after a fall from his polo horse, Lt.-Colonel C. McM. Kavanagh appointed.

1902

Act as Escorts to the Prince and Princess of Wales during their visit to Bombay.

1905

Move to Rawal Pindi. Colonel Kavanagh replaced by Lt.-Colonel J. Vaughan in command.
The station was rife with malaria, so Colonel Vaughan takes immediate action against the flies and mosquitoes and there are no further attacks.
Regimental Gazette instigated, Quatermaster Major Roland Pillinger being the first Editor. XRH Gazette soon became recognised as the best Regimental publication in the Army. Old Comrades Association open to all ranks; Annual Dinner begins. Relief fund opens for those Old Comrades deserving help.

1907

King Edward VII dies and King George V becomes Colonel-in-Chief.
Regiment develops new drill to bring a machine gun into action, and when General Hiag sees the method he impresses it upon every cavalry division in India, and it is used throught the Great War.

1910

Colonel Vaughan succeeded by Lt.-Colonel R. W. Barnes.
The Tenth play an important part in the Coronation Durbar in Delhi in December, which is described as the greatest display of military power ever held.

10th Hussars at the Coronation Durbar

1912, The Tenth win the Inter-Regimental Polo Competition for the sixth time, and this remains an un-beaten record.
Sail for South Africa, and are station at Potchefstrom.
Help to quell disturbances after the Johannesburg General Strike.
31st May 1913 Major Pillinger retires from the Tenth “Time Expired” after 35 years service with the Regiment.

1911-13

August 5th embark for England,
October 8th land at Ostend, march to Ypres. First action of the Great War October 13th.
Battle of Ypres, involved in heavy fighting until November 20th.
7 Officers killed, 85 other ranks wounded.
Tenth join 8th Brigade, Division Commander Major-General Hon. J Byng

1914

Colonel Barnes (twice wounded at Ypres) succeeded by Lt.-Colonel Shearman.
3rd February Move to Zillebeke,
May 9th Second Battle of Ypres.
May 13th Colonel Shearman killed leading an attack.
4 Officers and 27 O.R. killed; 6 Officers and 101 O.R. wounded.
8th Cavalry Brigade amalgamated with 6th Cavalry Brigade, Lt.-Colonel H. Wickham takes command.
Tenth move to Hooge: training in reserve
September Battle of Loos.

1915

January 3rd Hollernzollern, in trenches for six weeks.
Training at Embry and Bethune.
24th June Somme Offensive, but no opportunity for cavalry.
July 4th Retire to billets – cable laying and similar duties under shellfire.
December 22nd Move to winter billets at coastal Merlimont.

1916

February move to Fressin.
Lt.-Colonel J. P. Hardwick takes command.
April 9th Division moves to Arras. Engage enemy at Orange Hill. Village of Monchy-le-Preux taken but shellfire causes heavy casualties.
2 Officers and 25 O.R. killed, 7 Officers and 150 O.R. Wounded. 5 missing
June Lt.-Colonel W. O. Gibbs assumes command.
Dismounted parties engage in line duty.
November and December night patrolling after Battle of Cambrais.

1917

February rejoin 6th Cavalry Division. Move to Tertry; night air attack 10 killed 28 injured.
March 23rd Successful action at Collenzy under Viscount Ednam; heavy fighting continues until April 4th.
1 Officer killed, 7 wounded; 9 O.R. killed, 61 wounded, 15 missing.
April 7th Lt.-Colonel Whitmore assumes command.
August Amiens Offensive. Capture of Droncourt – Queant line; Action at Honnechy.
5 Officers wounded; 7 O.R. killed, 58 wounded. 106 horses killed or wounded.
11th November hostilities cease.
Move to Manancourt and in December to Konigshaven.
Lt.-Colonel Seymour takes command.

1918

May 1919 return to Canterbury.
April 1920 Move to West Ireland. Escort George V at state opening of first Parliament of Northern Ireland.
Troop train de-railed by rebels between Belfast and Dublin. 2 killed.

1919-20

1921 Return to Canterbury
1923 Lt.-Colonel Malaise Graham assumes command.
1924 Field Marshal Viscount Byng appointed Colonel of the Regiment. Move to Aldershot.
1927 Move to Hounslow.

11921-27

Lt.-Colonel Greenwood takes command. Tenth wins Inter-Regimental Polo Competition.
Move to Cairo.
1930 Move to Meerut, India.
1931 Lt.-Colonel Willoughby-Norris takes command.
1932 Move to Lucknow.
1933 Win Inter-Regimental Polo Competition.
1935 Lt.-Colonel B. Hutchinson assumes command.

1928-35

Win Inter-Regimental Polo Competition.
Leave India for the last time, Returning to England, stationed at Tidworth
Mechanisation begins slowly.
Colonel-in-Chief Geoarge V dies. H.R.H. The Duke of Gloucester becomes Colonel-in-Chief.

1936

Northampton

1840